Other than skin cancer, which affects men and women, prostate cancer is the most prevalent cancer affecting American men. In 2017, there were over 150,000 cases of prostate cancer, of which more than 25,000 resulted in death. Prostate cancer is most common among men over 65 and it is the third-leading cause of death among men in the U.S. Below, we’ll look at prostate cancer symptoms, signs and risk factors.
The prostate, which is found only in men, is located in front of the rectum and below the bladder. Prostate cancer is a result of the cells in the prostate gland beginning to multiply at an above-average rate, which can cause tumors or spread to other parts of the body.
Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer can be few or none at all. Men in the early stages of prostate cancer will likely show no signs or symptoms. When prostate cancer does begin to show signs, it’s likely already at an advanced stage. Here are the top 5 signs to be on the lookout for:
Blood in urine
Pain during urination
Frequent urination or loss of bladder control
Discomfort when sitting
Unexplained pain or fatigue
It’s important to note that these symptoms don’t automatically point to a case of prostate cancer, and there are other benign diseases and ailments that can cause these signs and symptoms as well. Regardless, you should make an appointment with your doctor at the first signs of pain or discomfort. You should also discuss your prostate cancer screening options with your doctor.
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
There are a few factors that increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. These include:
Age: Men over 65 are more likely to develop prostate cancer.
Race: Studies have shown that African American men carry a greater risk of developing prostate cancer.
Family History: As with most cancers, your risk increases if you have had people in your family with the disease.
Diet and Lifestyle Habits: Those with poor eating habits or who drink large amounts of alcohol regularly are at greater risk of developing prostate cancer.
Statistics show that 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetimes, so these symptoms, signs, and risk factors should always be taken seriously. If you or someone you know is at risk of developing prostate cancer, it is very important that they are screened yearly or biannually. When it comes to prostate cancer, early detection is everything. Make an appointment today to speak with one of our doctors about screening options.